Siculo-Punic (uncertain mint), silver, 3 shekels (264-260 BCE)
From SILVER
264 BCE - 260 BCE Silver 2,662 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Head of Tanit to left wearing triple pendant earring and wreath of grain ears |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | Horse head |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Siculo-Punic (uncertain mint) | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Sicily | Modern countryModern country: Italy | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: | Carthaginian Empire |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 264 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 260 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Hellenistic ^{323-30 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 22.00 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | 3 shekels | StandardStandard.: |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Jenkins 19781 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 1 | 33.33 | 1 | 20 | 3 |
2 | 2 | 66.67 | 4 | 80 | 1, 2 |
Total | 3 of 3 | 100 | 5 of 5 | 100 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 3 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 1 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 2 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 5 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1.67 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 2.5 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 0.67 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 33.33 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 6.05 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 121,000 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 7.5 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00004 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 80% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 1,652.89 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 2,662 kg <br /> 2,662 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 4,132.23 |
Remarks
Most likely one single workstation
References
- ^ Jenkins, Gilbert Kenneth (1978), "Coins of Punic Sicily. Part 4. Carthage Series 5-6", Schweizerische numismatische Rundschau, 57, p. 5-68, pl. 1-24.